Wednesday, 21 April 2010

diabetes complications

The complications of diabetes
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are different diseases in cause, in effect and in treatment but the same long-term complications can arise in both types of the condition. The complications affect:
The eyes
Diabetes can affect the blood vessels at the back of the eye [retinopathy] and this can lead to visual impairment or blindness. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the working population.
The heart and vascular system
Diabetes can affect the heart and the vascular system making people more susceptible to heart disease and stroke. It can also cause blood clots in the vessels in the legs which may result in amputation. Amputations are 50-80 times higher in people with diabetes than the general population.
Kidney damage
Diabetes can affect the kidneys resulting in damage or kidney failure [nephropathy].
Nerve damage
Diabetes may cause nerve damage [neuropathy]. The most common form of nerve damage is in the extremities leading to pain or loss of sensation in the feet and ulceration of the legs. Again this can lead to amputation

Diabetes the facts...

Type 1 diabetes
This type accounts for 15 to 20% of the total number of people with diabetes, around 400,000 people.
Also referred to as insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes, it affects children and adults up to the age of forty. The number of children diagnosed under the age of 5 is markedly increasing.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body’s immune system attacking the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. The body no longer produces insulin and glucose levels rise and treatment with insulin injections is always required for survival. It is diagnosed as an acute condition.
Around 25,000 people are treated with animal insulin and the remainder with synthetic ‘human’ insulin.
There is no cure for Type 1 diabetes and cause has not been established. It is thought to be to be multi-factorial with a genetic link in some people. Recent research shows that a common virus may trigger the body’s immune system to attack its own pancreatic cells that produce insulin.

Monday, 19 April 2010

even with the pump take a pen!

went to see my best mate play at his first gig on friday... wasnt feeling to great anyway.. but wasnt gonna let man flu stop me...so sugars were a little high.. they wil be fine...erm.... i kept on adjusting my insulin uing correction doses... it was having no affect... it would be 16.. i would add 4 units.. and it was going up... erm beginging to get a little concerned... this happened until about 10 when it hit about 22.... which is at this time i began to panic a little... i wa away from home.. and no spare insulin... i had changed teh day before a was back home the following day..so i thought i would be ok....i began telling a couple of people in teh pub.. just in case.... i mean the next step was hospital time really.. as i could not have gone the night and next day with them so high.. keytones would have set in and well... not good really..... i had my camera bag with me and i suddenly hda a thought that i had out a pen in there for new york.... well the relief... i cant explain... i injected and all was ok... but lesson number one.... the pump is not 100% reliable.....